Step back in time to the 18th century and America's colonial days with a visit to Mobile, Alabama's historic Fort Condé!
Built of brick, stone, packed earth, and cedar timbers by the French in 1723 to guard against British or Spanish attack, Fort Condé protected Mobile and its citizens for almost 100 years and under three different names!
From 1723 to 1763, the fortifications were under French rule as Fort Condé. From 1763 to 1780, England was in possession of the region, and renamed the structure Fort Charlotte. From 1780 to 1813 the battlements were known as Fort Carlota while Spain had the upper hand.
Come 1813, Mobile was occupied by US troops, and the English name for the fort - Fort Charlotte - was once again applied. Seven years later, it was determined the fort was no longer needed and, by 1823, almost all visible traces of the fort were under Mobile's newly expanded streets: gone.
Beneath the surface of Mobile, however, the sturdy foundations of Fort Condé remained. In the 1970's, work began to bring some of this historic structure back to life, through careful excavation of the original site and study of the original plans.
While it would have been an impressive feat to bring the entirety of Fort Condé's back to life, such a massive building wouldn't be practical in its current location: the historic fort's original footprint included nearly 11 acres of land, land now currently a large part of downtown Mobile!
Instead, through careful efforts, about one-third of Fort Condé was reconstructed - and even then only at 80% scale. Despite this downsizing, the reconstructed Fort Condé is still an impressive site, serving as the City of Mobile's official welcome center.
Visitors can learn about colonial Mobile while exploring the interactive exhibits in Fort Condé's reconstructed walls and chambers. You'll see historic Native Americans and European artifacts that help to detail the evolution of the Port City and its inhabitants during a time of upheaval and change shaped by innovation, conquest, plunder, piracy, and war.